Pelvic Inflammatory disease

By Ifeyinwa Ugo-Amadi
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is one of the most serious infections of the female reproductive organ. It is often a complication that arises from some sexually transmitted infections caused by Gonorrhoea and Chlamydia, it could also arise due to lymphatic post-partum, postabortal, or Intrauterine Device-related and hematogenous spread. It is the inflammation of the uterus, fallopian tubes and/or ovaries as it progresses to scar formation with adhesions to nearby tissues and organs.

Some women don’t know that they have PID because there are either mild or no symptoms. Symptoms may be observed in some others such as:

·         Unusual vaginal discharge with bad odour.

·         Painful urination

·         Nausea and vomiting

·         Pain during sex.

·         Dull pain or tenderness

Women exposed to pelvic inflammatory diseases are women with untreated sexually transmitted diseases, more than one sexual partner, that use IUD for birth control, that douche (clean out the vagina with water or any liquid ) and sexually active young persons.

Total abstinence from sex or being faithful in a long term monogamous relationship with someone who does not have any STD is the only ways to prevent getting a STD that exposes one to PID. STDs such as Syphilis, Herpes and genital warts are transmitted by contact with skin lesions so may not be prevented by the use of condoms.

PID is difficult to diagnose due to wide variation in symptoms and signs. Damage from pelvic inflammatory disease is irreversible but if diagnosed early, it can be treated. Untreated PID can cause infertility (inability to get pregnant), long term pelvic/abdominal pain, ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy outside the womb) and formation of scar tissue that can lead to tubal blockage. Early treatment involves the use of antibiotic for both the patient and sexual partner concurrently.

 

 

References


http://www.cdc.gov/std/pid/STDFact-PID.htm


www.medicinenet.com/pelvic_inflammatory_disease/article....
SHARE

About miral pharmblog