An Essential Solvent

By Ifeyinwa Ugo-Amadi

About 75% of the total body mass is made up of a very important nutrient known as water. From the fluids to the solid structures in the body, water acts as an important component of the body’s metabolic processes. Approximately 90% of the blood is made up of water. This is necessary for the transport of nutrients and oxygen to various tissues and removal of waste from the tissues.

Water is a unique solvent for many solutes in the body and assists the liver to metabolise fat to energy. It is also a natural appetite suppressant. The kidneys require it to carry out the function of filtering toxins, wastes and salts out of the bloodstream.

The body gets water from the food we eat, fluids we drink and as a by-product of some metabolic activities. Common minerals such as sodium, potassium and chloride sip into water naturally and they play important roles in body metabolism. Roles water plays in the body include:

·         Balancing the immune system.

·         Reducing body weight.

·         Regulating body temperature through perspiration.

·         Purging toxins present in blood.

·         Increasing production of new blood and muscle cells.

·         Purifying the colon, especially when taken on an empty stomach.


Lack of sufficient amount of water in the body is known as dehydration. Thirst signals the onset of dehydration. Several ailments have been attributed to dehydration and they include constipation, dyspepsia, obesity and kidney stones. However, excess intake of water can result in a very fatal condition known as water intoxication. Symptoms of water intoxication are headache, personality changes, changes in behavior, confusion, irritability and drowsiness. Recommended daily intake of water for men is 3 litres while women should take 2.2 litres.

The need for water is dependent on various factors such as health, environment and level of activity. Nursing mothers, pregnant women as well as athletes need more water. Patients with heart and renal diseases find it difficult to excrete, so they require less water intake. Generally, people that live and work in hot climates need more water too.

In various parts of the world, exercises are done in water for relaxation, physical rehabilitation, fitness and therapeutic purposes. Water is used because of its thermal stability that permits the maintenance of near-constant temperature, also its turbulence and wave propagation allows for gentle manipulation and movement.



About Miral Pharm

    Blogger Comment
    Facebook Comment


Post a Comment