Thank you for my saving life!

By Ifeyinwa Ugo-Amadi

In a world where someone needs to be transfused in every two seconds and millions of people need blood transfusion every year to live, blood donation is very essential.
Blood donation involves giving up some blood voluntarily to be used by someone in need of it. Blood is a fluid consisting of plasma, platelets, red blood cells and white blood cells which delivers nutrients and oxygen to body cells. It also transports metabolic waste products away from cells. Human blood is classified based on the ABO blood group system and rhesus blood group system into A, B, AB and O, positive and negative rhesus factors respectively. Though not considered in donation, classification is considered when blood needs to be transfused.
Blood can be donated in parts such as in donation of plasma, platelets and red blood cells or as whole blood.
Several conditions can expose one to the need of blood. These conditions include:
  •   Accident
  •   Diseases such as cancers, anemia, sickle cell, hemophilia etc.
  •   Surgeries which include open-heart surgery, organ transplant, caesarean section etc.
Blood donation is safe with no risk of infection however, not everyone can donate. Only healthy adults that weigh about 50kg and are at least 17years of age.Tests such as Hepatitis B & C, HIV and syphilis tests are performed on the blood to detect how safe it is. Don’t be scared of donating blood because it takes the body just about 24 hours to replace lost fluids. Red blood cells are replaced in four weeks while iron is replaced in eight weeks. With the required level of iron available, a healthy adult can donate a pint of blood in every 56 days.
The rarest blood type is one not on the shelf when needed by a patient. Save a life today, donate blood. Get someone to say, ‘Thank you for saving my life’.

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