World Environment Day

Just recently, the news of the death of a 17-year old gorilla at the Cincinnati Zoo filled the air waves. It was killed because the people feared its actions may kill a child in its custody. Just before then, was the news of the death of Mohawk – a Lion in Kenya. Mohawk was killed after it tried hurting a man as it escaped from a park. This brought to remembrance the death of a very famous Lion in Zimbabwe – Cecil who was killed after it was lured by an American outside its park. These and many more are activities carried out by man which increases the rate of depletion of the earth’s resources. This makes the resources unsustainable: which could result in the earth getting to a point where its natural regenerative capacity could be forever lost.
All that exist without the actions of man are known as natural resources. This includes sunlight, atmosphere, water, land, vegetation and animals that exist on earth. Mineral resources are also inclusive in the list of natural resources. When mismanaged, some of these resources could get depleted drastically and become scarce; some animals could go into extinction. Depletion of natural resources brings about great concern because of its ability to degrade the current environment of man and its potential to affect the needs of generations unborn.
An environment can be best described as the area around something. There exists various environments but the one that man understands fully and is more involved in is the natural environment. The natural environment comprises of all living and non-living things occurring on the earth naturally (this includes the natural resources and man). It involves the interactions between all living species and the weather, climate, and natural resources that affect human survival and economic activity.
The theme of this year’s World Environment Day highlights the fight against illegal trade of wild life. It has been observed that such illegal trades have resulted in the unwarranted death of such animals which may be attributed to use for economic gains (their hides and skin etc.), change in environment amongst other factors.  Every natural resource including wildlife is in place to make the earth comfortable for human life. Therefore, they need to be handled with care and caution so that our environment will remain comfortable for us and the next generation.
Therefore, as you go ahead throwing your wastes into gutters, blocking drainages with your polythene bags – polluting the environment, falling trees, over-hunting animals, using chemicals to increase production etcetera, remember that you are destroying the environment that belongs to all.

By Ifeyinwa Ugo-Amadi

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