DIABETES I



Blood, a special fluid in the body which supplies important nutrients such as glucose, amino acids and various substances to different body cells, could also be regarded to as a connective tissue. This is due to its ability to connect the whole body system as it moves from one extreme to the other. It also moves metabolic waste away from cells to organs from which they are sent out of the body. The blood is composed of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and plasma (which contain proteins, electrolytes and lipoprotein particles).
Just as blood connects the whole body system, so does it connect problems from one part of the body to the other. This is seen in the metastasis of tumour cells, sepsis and in diabetes too. Diabetes, a disease condition which is associated with the increase of sugar level in the blood, can be either acquired or genetic. It develops as a result of any form of malfunction in the production or use of insulin (the hormone responsible for the uptake of glucose by body cells) wherein the cells that produce insulin are mistakenly destroyed by body cells or the body becomes resistant to the presence of insulin. Though transported by the blood to cells for energy production, when glucose is not taken up by cells, they constitute lots of trouble for body organs.
When left untreated, diabetes does not stand alone. Excess glucose in the blood can destroy the walls of the blood vessels, affect blood flow to body extremes, and cause several other diseases such as:
      ·         Cardiovascular disease
      ·         Diabetic retinopathy
      ·         Skin conditions
      ·         Impaired hearing
      ·         Kidney damage etcetera.
Therefore, prompt intervention is required to prevent the development of complications. This will require a deliberate commitment to managing diabetes, maintaining a healthy weight through healthy eating and a commitment to engaging in physical activities. It is also necessary to go for medical check-up.
 In all, it is very expedient to keep an ‘EYE ON DIABETES’ – to both prevent it and manage it effectively.

By Ifeyinwa Ugo-Amadi
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